Times time capsule
This article first appeared on the cover the the November 14, 1918 edition of the Fort Frances Times
With revolution rampant in every province of Germany, her armies hurled back disorganized before the victorious onslaught of the finest and best disciplined soldiers of the world, Germany’s once proud war lords admit defeat and in abject humility, agree to the most drastic terms for the armistice. Drastic because Allied Commanders fully realize they are dealing with an enemy whose word of honour is mere hypocrisy, and conditions that make resumption of hostilities an impossibility must be exacted.
The firm refusal of General Foch and his Allied commanders to consider an inter-belligerent conference to discuss terms, has borne fruit in what must be a permanent basis of peace.
Germany’s peace envoys on Friday last, conducted through the allied lines blindfolded, had read to them the terms on which armistice would be granted. Given 72 hours to reply, a courier was at once dispatched to Headquarters, and on Monday, the 11th day of November, before the time limit had expired, the conditions were accepted and what will ever be known as “The Great War” was brought to a close. The nearness of the struggle, yet overshadows the full significance of what there was accomplished. The 14 principles as laid down by President Wilson backed up as it will be by the force of a united world, will undoubtedly make a repetition of such a recurrence unthinkable.
Foreseeing, in the acceptance of the terms demanded, their Kaiser and many of his staff sought safety in flight. And in the irony of fate we see the braggart of Europe crawling at the back door of the smallest nation of the old world. To Holland, he is no welcome visitor. The crime for which William Hohenzollern – or Emperor of German – is responsible for, should meet with its due punishment from the civilized world.
Lack of space forbids us to publish the full text of the allied terms in this issue, but briefly, they are the withdrawal of German armies from all territories invaded, including Alsace and Lorraine. The annulment of the Lifovake treaty. The handing over to the Allied control 5,000 pieces of artillery, 2,000 airplanes, 30,000 machine guns, 3,000 minenwerfer, besides a tremendous amount of war stores and materials. The surrender of practically all her submarine craft, two thirds of her high sea fleet and the occupation by the allied nations of ports and fortifications that would menace the allies in seeing that they are carried into effect. The refunding at once to the countries devastated of all the monies exacted by them and the full restitution for all damage caused by their armies and occupation.
Humiliating as these terms are the difference in the principles of the warring nations could not be more strikingly shown, than in the arrangements that are at once being made for the feeding of the starving peoples of their late enemies, by the allied commanders. Food will be supplied so that to the horrors of bloodshed and anarchy there may not be added to worst of all slow starvation.
Latest reports state that the Kaiser has already been interned by the Dutch authorities and that objection will be taken to his residing in Holland.