Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Canada to phase out old rail tankers in 3 years in response to Quebec explosion that killed 47

TORONTO — Canada will require a three-year phase out or retrofit of the type of rail tankers involved in last summer’s massive explosion of an oil train that incinerated much of a Quebec town and killed 47 people, Canada’s transport minister announced Wednesday.
Last July, a runaway oil train derailed in Lac-Megantic, Quebec, near the Maine border. About 30 buildings were destroyed.

Transport Minister Lisa Raitt said the DOT-111 tank cars carrying crude oil and ethanol must be phased out or retrofitted within three years. She also said the least crash-resistant of the older DOT-111 tank cars, about 5,000 of them, must be removed from the rails immediately.
“Three years is the amount of time that we thought was the best saw off between what industry said that they could do and what is wanted by the Transportation Safety Board,” Raitt said.
She said the three-year phase out will affect about 65,000 tank cars in North America, including a third or a quarter in Canada. Raitt said industry thinks the three year phase out is “ambitious.”
Raitt announced the changes in response to recommendations by Canada’s Transportation Safety Board in the aftermath of the tragedy. U.S. officials will be watching closely as the rail industry is deeply integrated across North America and both nations’ accident investigators implored their governments earlier this year to impose new safety rules.
Raitt said she didn’t have a sense of what the U.S. would do but said they are working with U.S. officials.
The DOT-111 tank car is considered the workhorse of the North American fleet and makes up about 70 per cent of all tankers on the rails. But they are prone to rupture. The U.S. NTSB has been urging replacing or retrofitting the tank cars since 1991.
Canada’s safety board has said a long phase-out would not be good enough.
Safety experts have said the soda-can shaped car has a tendency to split open during derailments and other major accidents.
There’s been intense political and public pressure to make oil trains safer since a runaway train with 72 tank cars of North Dakota oil derailed and exploded in Lac-Megantic. The train was left unattended by its lone crew member while parked near the town. The train came loose and sped downhill into Lac-Megantic. More than 60 tank cars derailed and caught fire, and several exploded, destroying much of the downtown.
Oil trains also have exploded and burned in Alabama, North Dakota and New Brunswick in recent months.
Raitt also announced that rail carriers will also be required to prepare emergency response assistance plans for shipments of all petroleum products, including everything for crude oil to diesel.
The oil industry has rapidly moved to using trains to transport oil in part because of oil booms in the Bakken region in North Dakota and in the oil sands in Alberta and because of a lack of pipelines.
U.S. freight railroads transported about 415,000 carloads of crude in 2013, up from just 9,500 in 2008, according to government and industry figures.
The oil trains, some of which are 100 cars long, pass through or near scores of cities and towns.
Some companies have said they will voluntarily take the DOT-111 tank cars offline. Irving Oil Ltd., a large Canadian refiner, has said it will stop using the older DOT-111s by April 30. Canada’s two largest railways, Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway, have already said they would move away from the DOT-111. But it is the oil companies or shippers that own or lease many of the cars.

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